Authors: Cecil R. Reynolds, Judith K. Voress Ages: 5-0 through 59-11 Testing Time: Core Battery 30 minutes; Core plus Supplementary 60 minutes Administration: Individual
Test of Memory and Learning Second Edition (TOMAL-2) is a nationally standardized test for evaluating general and specific memory functions. It provides the most comprehensive coverage of memory assessment currently available in a standardized battery.
New in TOMAL-2:
Reduced administration time
Additional analyses of cultural impact to ensure culturally fair assessment of memory
Improved clarity of scoring and administration rules
Now normed for children and adults, ages 5 years through 59-11
Reformulated core subtests and core indexes
Redesigned, convenient to use Record Booklet
New Verbal Delayed Recall Index
Additional interpretive tables and text
The TOMAL-2 includes 8 core subtests, 6 supplementary subtests, and 2 delayed recall tasks that evaluate general and specific memory functions; features composite memory scores for Verbal Memory, Nonverbal Memory, and a Composite Memory Index; has supplementary composite scores that include a Verbal Delayed Recall Index, Learning Index, Attention and Concentration Index, Sequential Memory Index, Free Recall Index, and an Associate Recall Index; includes highly interpretable and relevant scores, scaled to a familiar metric.
Statistical Characteristics of the TOMAL-2 TOMAL-2 was normed on more than 1,900 children, adolescents, and adults ages 5-0 through 59-11, drawn from 31 states representing all major regions of the United States. The samle was designed to be representative of the U.S. population as a whole on gender, age, ethnicity, urbal.rural residence, and geographic distribution. The TOMAL-2 also was evaluated at the item and subtest levels for gender and ehnic bias. The results of theses studies provide strong evidence for a lack of bias and favor consistency across gender and across U.S. born ethnic populations.
TOMAL-2 scores include standardized or scaled scores and percentiles. Subtest scaled scores appear in a familiar metrice with a mean of 10 and a standard deviation of 3. Composite scores and indexes also are scaled to a familiar metric for ease of use and comparability with other tests (M=100; SD = 15). Reliability was determined using standard methods fo estimating the internal consistency of the subtests and composites. Reliability estimates are uniformly high, with all composites and some subtest reliabililty values falling in the ,90s and the balance exceeding .85. Test retest reliability coefficients are at about .70 for the subtests, with most above .80, and for the composite indexes all but oone value exceeds .80.
TOMAL-2 Subtests and Composites The 8 core, 6 sipplemental subtests, and 2 delayed recall tests are designed to give information on specific and general aspects of memory and are used to derive the Core Indexes and the Supplementary Indexes. Subtests include Memory for Stories (MFS), Facial Memory (FM), Word Selective Reminding (WSR), Visual Selective Reminding (VSR), Object Recall (OR), Abtract Visual Memory (AVM), Digits Forward (DF), Visual Sequential Memory (VSM), Paired Recall (PR), Memory for Location (MFL), Manual Imitation (MI), Letters Forward (LF), Digits Backward (DB), and Letters Backward (LB), along with 2 verbal delayed recall tasks and cued recall procedures.